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Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology > Volume 8(1); 2015 > Article
Bornemann-Cimenti and Sandner-Kiesling: Bringing Retracted Papers Into Focus
See the reply "In Reply: Bringing Retracted Papers Into Focus" in Volume 8 on page 82.
To the editor:
In a recent issue of Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology, Kim et al. [1] presented an interesting study on the preoperative application of pregabalin in patients undergoing septoplasty. The authors should be congratulated to their interesting work, which showed benefits in reducing postoperative pain and analgesic requirements. Their results fits in an increasing body of evidence, where pregabalin has shown to effectively prevent postoperative pain [2], potentially by reducing postoperative hyperalgesia and allodynia [3,4].
The authors did a commendable job in designing and realizing the study. When preparing their paper, they overlooked that one of their references, a study by Reuben et al., was already retracted due to fraudulent data [5].
The problem of ongoing citation of retracted papers was previously reported [6]. Especially when using Embase in contrast to PubMed, authors have no information on whether a publication was rejected or not [7]. However, perpetuating fraudulent publications leads to a bias in the representation of the current literature. In consideration of the increasing number of retracted papers, authors should be encouraged to verify their sources. Beyond that, it would be desirable to incorporate a label in Embase on retracted papers.


No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.


1. Kim JH, Seo MY, Hong SD, Lee J, Chung SK, Kim HY, et al. The efficacy of preemptive analgesia with pregabalin in septoplasty. Clin Exp Otorhinolaryngol. 2014 6;7(2):102–105. PMID: 24917905.
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2. Mishriky BM, Waldron NH, Habib AS. Impact of pregabalin on acute and persistent postoperative pain: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Br J Anaesth. 2015 1;114(1):10–31. PMID: 25209095.
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3. Bornemann-Cimenti H, Lederer AJ, Wejbora M, Michaeli K, Kern-Pirsch C, Archan S, et al. Preoperative pregabalin administration significantly reduces postoperative opioid consumption and mechanical hyperalgesia after transperitoneal nephrectomy. Br J Anaesth. 2012 5;108(5):845–849. PMID: 22362672.
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4. Lederer AJ, Bornemann-Cimenti H, Wejbora M, Kern-Pirsch C, Michaeli K, Sandner-Kiesling A. Pregabalin and postoperative hyperalgesia: a review. Schmerz. 2011 2;25(1):12–18. PMID: 21181417.
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5. Shafer SL. Notice of retraction. Anesth Analg. 2009 4;108(4):1350PMID: 19299812.
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6. Bornemann-Cimenti H, Sandner-Kiesling A. Avoiding perpetuating fraudulent publications in addendum to Sagit M et al: Efficacy of a single preoperative dose of pregabalin for postoperative pain after septoplasty. J Craniofac Surg. 2014 25(2):717PMID: 24621741.
7. Wright K, McDaid C. Reporting of article retractions in bibliographic databases and online journals. J Med Libr Assoc. 2011 4;99(2):164–167. PMID: 21464856.
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